Pengaruh Health Coaching Terhadap Pola Diit Pasien Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pandanwangi Malang

Dalilah, Bening Afri (2019) Pengaruh Health Coaching Terhadap Pola Diit Pasien Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pandanwangi Malang. Diploma (D3) thesis, Poltekkes RS dr. Soepraoen.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Pendahuluan:Seseorang dikatakan hipertensi bila memiliki tekanan darah sistolik ≥ 140 mmHg dan diastolik ≥ 90 mmHg. Pola diit penting untuk mengendalikan hipertensi agar tidak menambah derajat hipertensi. Pemberian pengetahuan pola diit hipertensi melalui penyuluhan atau informasi sudah sering didapatkan tetapi penderita hipertensi tetap kesulitan untuk mengubah pola diitnya. Health coaching merupakan salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan perawat untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan pasien akan penyakitnya sehingga mampu mengatur pola diitnya dengan baik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan pengaruh health coaching terhadap pola diit pasien hipertensi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pandanwangi Malang. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi experiment dengan rancangan penelitian pre-post test control group design. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan metode purposive sampling. Besar sampel 13 responden untuk setiap kelompok. Variabel penelitian ini adalah pola diit. Uji data statistik menggunakan Mann whitney dan uji statistik Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. Hasil:menunjukkan ada pengaruh health coaching terhadap pola diit yang baik pada pasien hipertensi. Uji beda pada kelompok perlakuan dengan Wilcoxon didapatkan nilai p value 0,002 (α ≤ 0,05) dan uji beda post test kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol dengan Mann Whitney didapatkan p value 0,002 (α ≤ 0,05). Kesimpulan:Health coaching memberikan pengaruh pola diit yang baik pada pasien hipertensi. Sehingga diharapkan penderita hipertensi dapat memiliki coach atau pendamping baik dari petugas kesehatan atau kader kesehatan agar penderita hipertensi dapat lebih mengendalikan pola diit yang benar. Kata kunci: Health Coaching, Hipertensi, Pola Diit ABSTRACT Introduction:Someone who called hypertension if he has systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, on recurrent examination. Diit pattern is important to manage hypertension so the degree of hypertension cannot be increase. Giving knowledge of the pattern of diit hypertension through counseling or information has often been obtained, but patient of hypertension still difficult to change the pattern of diit. Health coaching is one of method which can nurse do to increase the knowledge of patient about his disease so he able to manage his diet well. The purpose of this research is to explain the influence of health coaching to diit pattern for hypertension patient in the work area Puskesmas Pandanwangi Malang.Methods:This research use quasi experiment design with research plan pre post test control group design. Sampling technique with purposive sampling method. The number of samples are 13 respondent in every group. The variable of this research is diit pattern. Statistic test use Mann whitney and Wilcoxon Sign Rank test. Result:The result of research shows the influence of health coaching to diit pattern for hypertension patient. Different test to treatment group with Wilcoxon obtained p value 0,002 (α ≤ 0,05) and different test post treatment group and control group with Mann Whitney obtained p value 0,002 (α ≤ 0,05). Discussion:Health coaching give influence diit pattern well to hypertension patient. Expected the hypertension patient can have coaches or assistants from health workers or health cadres to manage more diit pattern so well. Keywords: Health Coaching, Hypertension, Diit Pattern

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma (D3))
Contributors:
ContributionNameNIDN / NIDKEmail
UNSPECIFIEDHastuti, Apriyani Puji0711048605UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIEDKurniawan, Ardhiles Wahyu0717048301UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Coaching, Hipertensi, Pola; Health Coaching, Hypertension, Diit Pattern
Subjects: R Medicine > RC31 Internal medicine > RC581 Specialties of Internal Medicine > RC666 Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system
Divisions: Midwivery Study Program
Depositing User: Y. Sudaryono
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2019 01:08
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 02:44
URI: http://repository.poltekkes-soepraoen.ac.id/id/eprint/160

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